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In Greek legend, it was the Sphinx who put forth a riddle to all passersby and devoured those who failed to guess the correct answer.The greatest Sphinx of all, called by Arabs "Abu el-Hol," the Father of Terror, is the Great Sphinx of Gizeh, who gazes enigmatically across the Nile towards the rising sun with its back towards the three great pyramids.Read More about Sphinx The Sphinx water erosion hypothesis contends that the main type of weathering evident on the enclosure walls of the Great Sphinx was caused by prolonged and extensive rainfall that would have predated the time of Djedefre and Khafre, the Pharaohs credited by most modern Egyptologists with building the Great Sphinx and Second Pyramid at Giza around 2500 BC. Schwaller de Lubicz, a French mystic and alternative Egyptologist, first claimed evidence of water erosion on the walls of the Sphinx enclosure in the 1950s.Egyptologists have rejected the water erosion hypothesis and the idea of an older Sphinx, offering various alternative explanations for the cause and date of the erosion. John Anthony West, an author and alternative Egyptologist, investigated Schwaller de Lubicz’s ideas further and, in 1989, sought the opinion of Robert M.There is an unfinished shelf along the western back wall slightly elevated from the rest of the enclosure floor.
Egyptologists point to this as evidence that Khafre built the Sphinx. Some time after it was excavated, the inscription flaked off. In 1379, as reported by the Arab author Al Maqrizi, a man named Saim el Dahr hacked off the Sphinx's nose.
The sacrificial altar now seen between the paws was constructed by the Romans.
Medieval and renaissance visitors took pieces of the Sphinx's headdress and face for talismans and remedies.
Reader found, inter alia, that the flow of rainwater causing the weathering had been stemmed by the construction of ‘Khufu’s quarries’, which lie directly “upstream” of the Sphinx enclosure, and therefore concludes that the Sphinx must predate the reign of Khufu (2589–2566 BC), and certainly Khafra, by several hundred years.
Reader disagrees with Schoch’s palaeometeorological estimates, and instead concludes that the Sphinx dates to the Early Dynastic Period (c. To explain the disproportionate size of the head compared to the body, Reader, as does Schoch, also suggests the head of the Sphinx was originally that of a lion and recarved sometime later in the likeness of a pharaoh.