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After the Home Rule Bill passed parliament in May 1914, to avoid rebellion with Ulster, the British Prime Minister H. Asquith introduced an Amending Bill reluctantly conceded to by the Irish Party leadership.
This provided for the temporary exclusion of Ulster from the workings of the bill for a trial period of six years, with an as yet undecided new set of measures to be introduced for the area to be temporarily excluded.
The state was created as the Irish Free State in 1922 as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty.
It had the status of Dominion until 1937 when a new constitution was adopted, in which the state was named "Ireland" and effectively became a republic, with an elected non-executive president as head of state.
From the Act of Union on 1 January 1801, until 6 December 1922, the island of Ireland was part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
During the Great Famine, from 1845 to 1849, the island's population of over 8 million fell by 30%.
It was officially declared a republic in 1949, following the Republic of Ireland Act 1948.
The remainder of the Irish Volunteers, who opposed any support of Britain, launched an armed insurrection against British rule in the 1916 Easter Rising, together with the Irish Citizen Army.It joined the European Economic Community (EEC), the predecessor of the European Union, in 1973.The state had no formal relations with Northern Ireland for most of the twentieth century, but during the 1980s and 1990s the British and Irish governments worked with the Northern Ireland parties towards a resolution to "the Troubles".), is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland.The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the eastern part of the island, and whose metropolitan area is home to around a third of the country's 4.75 million inhabitants.