In recent times, however, the hypocoristic forms of many Bulgarian names receive English and Russian endings, for example: Increasingly, the official form of Dutch given names as registered at birth is one that originally was hypocoristic.
In Japan, diminutive names are made by adding an honorific suffix to a person's name, or to part of the name.
The traditional hypocoristic forms of Bulgarian masculine names end with "-cho", for example: Ivan - Ivancho - Vancho, Stoyan - Stoyancho, Petur - Peturcho, Angel - Angelcho.
The traditional hypocoristic forms of Bulgarian feminine names end with "-ka", for example: Ivana - Ivanka, Snezhana - Snezhanka, Bozhana - Bozhanka.
The term -chan is occasionally added to the name of an effeminate boy or man.
While the addition of -chan to a girl's name is endearment and intimacy, when applied to a male's name, it may be either a term of endearment or it may be added as a derogatory taunt, depending on the context and the nature of the relationship.